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What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a gum inflammation which can affect a lot more than just the gum. Dental plaque on your teeth causes an inflammation around the edge of your gums. This is called gingivitis. This inflammation can spread to the lower part of your jawbone. Eventually this causes periodontitis (bone decay or even loss) and at a later stage you may lose your teeth or implants.

The Cause

Gum inflammation is caused by bacteria built up in the dental plaque. Dental plaque is a combination of a soft and sticky and an almost invisible layer of saliva proteins and a high percentage of bacteria that settles on your teeth. This soft layer can turn into a hard layer, called calculus, that sticks to your teeth. On top of this hard deposit a second layer of dental plaque will be formed. The above-mentioned inflammation can be found deep in the jawbone located around your teeth. This inflammation causes a pocket to be found between the gum and teeth. This second dental plaque will enable the inflammation to spread deeper, causing fibres that break and a receding jawbone.

Example of the stages of periodontitis


Periodontitis can go unnoticed for a long time. Symptoms are: loose, red and swollen and bleeding gums caused by eating or brushing your teeth. Another symptom is receding gums. A bad taste or a bad breath can also be a sign of periodontitis. In an advanced state loosening of the teeth or implants here and there and the appearance of pockets (or spaces) between the gum and the teeth are very likely to happen.


Receding gums is not only undesirable but, aesthetically speaking, also very unpleasant.

Roots will be partially exposed. This will result in sensitive gums and teeth which can be very painful during brushing your teeth, eating or drinking warm, cold, sweet and sour drinks. Lost jawbone can’t recover after breaking off. You must know that, once a  jawbone loses bone splinters or even bigger fragments , it is permanent.


When your gums bleed, it could mean you have a gum inflammation caused by dental plaque. In order to bring your gum to a healthy state we recommend brushing twice a day with BlueM toothpaste, and rinsing afterwards with BlueM mouthwash. The Active Oxygen in BlueM speeds up the healing of sores and inflammation. The high oxygen percentage in the BlueM oral care products makes treating and preventing bleeding gums very effective.


Maintaining good oral health care will help you curing yourself of periodontitis and preventing losing teeth. The periodontist, dentist or hygienist, will remove the dental plaque and scale in the pockets by a thorough and professional cleaning of your teeth. If your pockets are deeper than 4 mm Dr. Blijdorp advises you to rub BlueM oral gel in the pocket after brushing your teeth and rinsing with mouthwash. In this way the oxygen can work optimally in the mouth. By regularly using BlueM oral gel in combination with the right oral hygiene and cleaning teeth procedure, the pocket will be reduced and the inflammation will disappear in most cases.

BlueM oral gel is developed for treating Periodontitis:

  • It normalizes and controls harmful bacteria
  • It reduces and prevents inflammation
  • It accelerates the wound healing process

FAQ about Periodontitis

How do you get periodontitis?

We have numerous amounts of bacteria in our mouth. These bacteria can stick to your teeth – this is called plaque. Plaque, if not removed properly, can cause an infection. If you don’t treat the infection, you teeth can eventually let loose and even fall out. Risk factors are: smoking, stress, a bad dental hygiene and/or diabetes.

How do I recognise periodontitis?

You suffer from bleeding gums and they look red and swollen. You have bad breath. Periodontitis is not always visible. A regular check-up at your dentist is our advice.