Peri-implantitis is an infectious disease that causes inflammation of the gum and the bone structure around a dental implant. Chronic inflammation causes bone loss, which can lead to a loose implant that eventually could fall out. The risk of inflammation and peri-implantitis is much higher with implants in comparison with natural teeth, as the implant attachments are more fragile. If the gums are loose around the implants, harmful bacteria can grow below the gums causing bone loss.
Cause of peri-implantitis
Since an implant cannot attach as easily to the gums as natural teeth, the risk of inflammation and in the end peri-implantitis, is much higher. The gum stays loose around the implant and therefore harmful bacteria can nest more easily in the gum. This can cause not only cause inflammation but also bone loss. Of all implant patients, more than 40% are affected by inflammations around the implant, known as peri-implantitis.
Some of the risk factors are:
- Genetic sensitivity to both
How to recognize peri implantitis
How you can recognise peri-implantitis? If you have implants and one or more of the following symptoms, we advise you to contact your treating dentist or oral hygienist as soon as possible.
- Bone loss around implant
- Bleeding gums
- Redness and swelling of the mucosa
- Pus formation
- Pain around a possibly movable implant
Peri-implantitis is a multifactorial disorder and bacteria play a huge role, but most likely not the main cause of developing this disease. Bacteria found in peri-implantary pockets can also be found with stable implants.
Untreated peri-implantitis can have nasty consequences. Bone loss is one of them which can result in losing your implant. It is very important to treat this problem fast and efficiently. The TOOTH-guideline of Dr. Blijdorp will give you the information you need.
How to prevent peri-implantitis?
bluem® oral gel is developed to help prevent peri-implantitis. The benefits of bluem® oral gel:
- Normalise and control harmful bacteria in the peri-implantary pockets
- Accelerate the wound healing process after implants
- Accelerate the healing of bleeding gum